If you have a repository with many submodules, it’s easy to update them all at once.
For example: I have my vim dotfiles in a Git repository. Not only does this make it easier for me to keep my vim setup the same across multiple machines, but also lets me add other bundles as submodules which makes it easy to update the bundles and propagate changes.
Once in a while I go into the repository and run:
git submodule foreach 'git pull || :'
foreach command evaluates a shell command in each of the submodules. In this case
git pull. The || : (in bash this is ‘or true’) stops the foreach command from terminating because of a non-zero return from the shell command.
Or, you could avoid the zero return problem by echoing the return value:
git submodule foreach 'echo `git pull`'
This is just one use of
foreach. Since I don’t actually develop the submodules, I can keep the repository tidy by running:
git submodule foreach 'echo `git gc --aggressive`'